Malnutrition is an endemic problem affecting 20% of the population in the developing world. As per WHO, clinically, malnutrition refers to inadequate intake of protein, energy and micronutrients and manifests through frequent infection or disease. The consequence of malnutrition is alarming with its all-encompassing and long-term impact on large sections of population leading to death, disability, morbidity, stunted physical growth and cognitive development and, as a result, delayed regional and national development (WHO, World Bank).
In India, the realities of malnutrition pose a deplorable picture. According to a World Bank Report (2006), the prevalence of underweight children in India is amongst the highest in the world. The National Family and Health Survey (NFHS), last carried out in 2005-06, had shown that 23% of married men, 52% of married women and 72% of infants were anaemic – a sure sign that a large number of families were caught in a downward spiral of slow starvation. EHRC research projects address the issue of malnutrition with a multifaceted approach that range from developing technological solutions to recommending appropriate policy framework, and enabling training and capacity-building in delivering the solutions to a diverse population.
Nature of projects in this programme
Some of the broad areas of possible research are (not limited to):
Reproductive health care,
Infant health care,
Impacts of malnutrition with respect to disabilities and mental health,
Current projects @EHRC — with a focus on child malnutrition:
Upcoming projects on IoT, data visualization, robotics