Malnutrition is an endemic problem
affecting 20% of the population in the developing world.
As per WHO, clinically, malnutrition refers to inadequate
intake of protein, energy and micronutrients and manifests
through frequent infection or disease. The consequence of
malnutrition is alarming with its all-encompassing and
long-term impact on large sections of population leading
to death, disability, morbidity, stunted physical growth
and cognitive development and, as a result, delayed
regional and national development (WHO, World Bank).
In India, the realities of malnutrition pose a deplorable picture. According to a World Bank Report (2006), the prevalence of underweight children in India is amongst the highest in the world. The National Family and Health Survey (NFHS), last carried out in 2005-06, had shown that 23% of married men, 52% of married women and 72% of infants were anaemic - a sure sign that a large number of families were caught in a downward spiral of slow starvation. EHRC research projects address the issue of malnutrition with a multifaceted approach that range from developing technological solutions to recommending appropriate policy framework, and enabling training and capacity-building in delivering the solutions to a diverse population.
Some of the broad areas of possible research are (not
-- Reproductive health care, Infant health care, Health records, Impacts of malnutrition with respect to disabilities and mental health, policy frameworks
-- Upcoming projects on IoT, data visualization, robotics
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